Experience the beauty of traditional culture of ethnic minorities in Sapa

Experience the beauty of traditional culture of ethnic minorities in Sapa


Possessing beautiful nature, majestic mountains, along with a very pleasant humid temperate and subtropical climate, Sapa is known as the place where earth and sky meet. Not only is a beautiful land brought by nature and landscape, but Sa Pa tourist destination also converges the cultural diversity of many ethnic minorities such as H’Mong, Tay, Red Dao, Giay. Traveling to Sa Pa, visitors will understand a lot more about the culture of some ethnic minorities, discover the simple but always joyful life of the highland people

1. Hmong ethnic group The H’Mong live mainly in the destination of Sapa.

The costumes of the H’Mong people in Sapa are easy to recognize: men usually wear black or blue-black pants, short -sleeved blouses like a waistcoat with flaps that extend past the buttocks. H’Mong women wear knee-length shorts. They wrapped the leggings around their calves very cleverly with a narrow band of cloth.


The extremely famous tourist destination of Sapa today is Cat Cat village. It is a village that preserves traditional crafts: growing cotton, weaving fabrics and making traditional jewelry. Coming here, you will learn and observe about the daily life of the H’mong: see firsthand how the H’mong create traditional costumes and enjoy the specialties of the Northwest.

2. Red Dao ethnic group

Like the H’mong, the Red Dao are also one of the second largest ethnic groups in Sapa, mainly in Ta Phin and Nam Cang villages, etc. They live a lot in villages, along mountains or valleys. valley. The most prominent feature of the Red Dao women is that they often wear scarves or red hats on their heads. Besides, the clothes are dark blue and much more colorful than the costumes of the Hmong ethnic group. The sleeves are quite wide, decorated with many bright colors such as red, orange, yellow, white, … and the pattern is also very beautiful.


The ceremony is the most typical and typical festival, carrying the most important meaning for the Red Dao people. The ceremony is held for the purpose of recognizing that he is a descendant of “Ban Vuong” – the ancestor of the Red Dao people. This is a highly educational festival of the Red Dao people, who want their children to always remember their roots and that of their ancestors. Want to participate in this festival of the Red Dao, visitors can come to Sapa at the end of November or December every year – the idle time of the Red Dao people.

3. Tay ethnic group:

Present in Vietnam very early, the Tay ethnic group is one of the ethnic groups belonging to the Tay – Thai language. In Sa Pa, they concentrate mainly in some southern communes such as Ban Ho, Nam Sai and Thanh Phu, which are fertile valleys with many rivers and streams. Coming to Sapa, visitors will easily recognize the Tay people because their costumes are quite simple, with a dark indigo color (black and blue). Men and women wear blouses with a slit chest, round neckline with two front pockets, and a wide cloth belt that wraps around the waist studded with rhinestones. On festivals and New Year’s holidays, they wear a long dress with a split in the right armpit, with mustard or copper buttons. In terms of culture and art, the Tay people have many attractive folk songs such as luong singing, singing throughout. Luong singing is performed on festival nights or has guests from far away. Singing throughout is like singing quan ho in Bac Ninh.


Coming to Sapa, visitors will enjoy discovering the lifestyle of the Tay people in Ho village, about 15km from Sapa town. Visitors will be able to sleep on stilts, eat stilt fish, “steal boi” pork, sit at the wharf to weave brocade cloth and enjoy the spread dances and stall dances performed by the Tay girls

4. Giay ethnic group The Giay

ethnic group is a branch of the Tay – Thai ethnic group, living mainly in the northernmost mountainous areas. With a sparsely concentrated population, in Sapa, Giay people only account for 2% of the population, concentrated in villages around Ta Van and Lao Cha valleys. The Giay people used to have the custom of cooking rice by boiling the rice until it was almost cooked, then taking it out and putting it in the next place, like sticky rice, while the rice water was used to drink all day. The Giay costume is as simple as that of the H’Mong, with little embroidery and only colored cloth bands around the neck and lap.


The biggest festival of Giay people in Sapa is the “Giong Pooc” festival. It is held in January every year with the desire to pray for a new year with bountiful crops, and people to live a happy and prosperous life. Each ethnic group in Sapa will bring a different cultural color. However, the people here all have one thing in common: hospitality. Traveling to Sapa will definitely be a memorable journey when discovering the unique characteristics of the ethnic groups in this land. Don’t forget to stop by Halosa Spa – Lounge&cafe – Restaurant when you come to Sapa. Wish you and your loved ones have interesting experiences in the beautiful misty Sapa!

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